Cataract

What is the cataract 

 Cataract is a quite common disease in elderly people, where the eye lens gradually loses its transparency. Sometimes this lens blurring indicates the existence of other systemic diseases, something that only happens in younger ages. The patient gradually perceives decrease of vision, feeling of glare and blur especially during night hours and change in colours™ perception. Unfortunately, the only means against this disease is the cataract operation. With tear drops, medicine or diet complementary, laser etc. it is not cured. Fortunately, the cataract operation belongs to the operations with the highest success rates, with a percentage that overcomes 90% of patients, feeling a huge increase in their vision. Anesthesia and operation.

 The cataract operation can be done in local anesthesia with eye drops, local anesthesia with injection or total anesthesia. The majority of patients prefer local anesthesia, where the patient perceives what is happening around him without feeling any pain during the operation. The reasons for total anesthesia may be on the one hand the personal desire or, on the other hand, medicinal etiology such as intense cough episodes, inability of the patient to lay down for a long time, Parkinson’s disease, panic attacks, fears, etc. The peculiarities of total anesthesia are being explained to you by the anesthesiologist. During the operation, a very small incision will be done (almost invisible to naked eye). Through this incision the blurred lens will be absorbed after being liquified through ultrasound. In this procedure, FEMTO-Laser can sometimes help, that can cut the lens into small pieces. What remains from this procedure is a ‘small bag’ (lens’ capsule) where in the majority of cases the intraocular is implanted (intraocular: acrylic or silicone lens). In some cases where for various reasons the capsule has been teared or destroyed, the intraocular is being stabilized or sewed behind the iris. In even more extreme cases the eye is left without intraocular, where the use of special contact lenses or glasses is necessary. In the majority of cases, the small incision does not need to be sewed. This operation has already become a routine operation, so the patient can now go to his/her house after it.


After the operation You can also, with some basic rules, ensure the success of operation:

  • Don't forget the constant use of eye drops and eye ointments.
  • Don't rub, squeeze and generally don’t touch your newly operated eye. Remember that a scar may need 3-6 months to fully recover. Moreover, avoid activities in which an eye injury is possible.
  • At night it's better to use the bandage that you’ve been given so that you avoid hurting your eye by mistake while sleeping.
  • The contact with water and soap has to be avoided the first 3-4 weeks. When washing the head, the operated eye should be covered with your hand. The eye should also be covered (with bandage or glasses) when you are outside, exposed to heavy wind.
  • TV is allowed already since the first day after the operation.
  • Try to avoid heavy body exercise and especially heavy object lifting. Avoid bending over (e.g. to tie the laces of your shoes), having your head down.
  • Don't forget the constant examinations after the operation where you can find out in which stage of recovery you are.

In our center we use Cataract Microsurgery where the incisions are smaller than ever! The anesthesia selection, intraocular selection and method of operation selection is always done personalized for each patient in order to have the best result possible! Dry eye syndrome.

  It is a quite known pathological state. It is a disorder of the layer that covers the eye. It is due to insufficient production or extreme evaporation of the tears having as a result superficial deterioration of the conjunctivitis and the cornea, and symptoms of eye disturbance. 

Symptoms are:

  • Feeling of burning, foreign object, itchy, dryness
  • The disturbances are altered in the day duration and depending on the living place or the patient’s occupation (e.g. they intensify when watching TV)
  • Pathological Schirmer test (tear counting test that shows their reduced production)
  • Pathological Schirmer test (tear counting test that shows their reduced production) The etiology of dry eye syndrome varies, it is multifactorial, and it is related e.g. to the sex, the age and environmental factors such as the exposition to air-conditioners and dust. The Sjogren syndrome is a special case that is being characterized by significantly reduced tear secretion as well as decrease in saliva secretion. It has autoimmune etiology. The treatment is personalized and mainly conventional.